admin December 8th, 2008
There are various fly casting techniques and styles.
Fly casting style differ principally in the position of the elbow at the start of the forward stroke:
b) Up to the side
Each style is valid as long as it allows the rod to move in a manner that results in a good cast.
However while there are many differing successful styles of fly casting there are certain basic techniques which are essentials for successful fly casting. The mechanical laws and principles which govern casting are the same for all styles. Whatever the style “good form” is necessary for good fly casting.
The five basic essentials for successful of fly casting are:
1 The elimination of slack line is the most efficient manner in which to cast a fly line;
2 Proper acceleration of the fly rod;
3 Efficient loop formation requires the caster to move the rod in a straight line path to the target;
4 The size of the casting stroke is generally determined by the length of the line to be cast; and
5 There must be a pause that may vary in duration at the end of each back cast and forward cast.
The roll cast is a modified forward cast without a back cast. It is useful when you cannot make a back cast because of an obstruction behind you, to raise your sunken line to the surface, to pick up your line from the water in preparation for a back cast and even changing the direction of the line before picking it up.
The roll cast needs resistance to work and this is ideally provided by water tension.
To perform the roll cast:
With the rod tilted slightly to the side and away from you lift the rod slowly to about the one o’clock position. The line will slide across the water toward you.
Pause while the line hangs down and falls freely to the outside of and behind the rod.
Pull the rod down and forward aiming a forward cast to the left of the line in front of you (assuming you are a right handed caster.) Remember your correct application of power the speed up and stop.
The line should roll out in the shape of an elipse and present the fly.
In the false cast the forward cast is not allowed to fall to the water. As the loop straightens in front of the caster the fly line is cast back again.
The false cast can be used to change distance and direction, and also to dry out a floating fly.
A slight pause at the completion of each forward and backward stroke is required to allow the fly line to straighten, and some practice is necessary to develop the correct timing.
When you can comfortably false cast some thirty feet try shooting line to add more distance to your cast.
Strip approximately ten feet of line from the reel onto the grass in front of you and hold the line in your left hand (if you are a right handed caster.) False cast the line until you have good control of it.
On the final or presentation forward cast let go of the line with your left hand, and the extra line at your feet should shoot out of the rod.
Do not let go of the line until the loop has passed the rod tip and formed in front of the rod.
Double Haul Cast
This cast entails pulling the line with your line hand during the back cast and again during the forward cast to increase the speed of the line.
This added line speed not only increases the distance of the cast but also adds line control and generally makes casting easier.